Within three weeks the pups are in the water and swimming. Waterfowl include Canada goose, snow goose and brant goose (brent goose). [citation needed] In 2012, a survey of caribou herds found that the local population was only about 5,000, a decrease of as much as 95% from the 1990s. If pack ice moves in, they may venture out 4-10 km (2½-6 mi) and follow the pack ice, dragging themselves up on an ice floe to take advantage of the sun. It is still not known whether they visit for the lush sea bounty or to calve in the Foxe Basin. GHCN average monthly temperatures, GISS data for 1971–2000. These include: that it originated in Alaska or another part of the western Arctic; that it was either derived from, or was strongly influenced by, certain Archaic or Woodland cultures farther south; or that it was a fundamentally Eskimo (Inuit) culture which had developed from a culture called Pre-Dorset. Baffin Island lies in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago just west of Greenland and is the world’s fifth largest island. Found throughout the Arctic range, one group of bowhead whales is known to migrate to the Foxe Basin, a bay on the western side of Baffin Island. In the winter the sun sets on November 22 and does not rise again until January 19 of the following year. The two largest lakes on the island lie in the south-central part of the island: Nettilling Lake (5,542 km2 [2,140 sq mi]) and Amadjuak Lake (3,115 km2 [1,203 sq mi]) further south. The coastlines of West Greenland and Baffin Island are simply stunning with towering mountains, glaciers and icebergs and are rich in wildlife and marine life, Inuit culture and history. [2] The Dorset people were replaced by the Thule People, a paleo-Eskimo culture and a predecessor of modern Inuit Greenlanders as early as the eighth century C.E..[3] An archeological dig on Baffin Island. Visit one of the most unique polar tourism destinations in the world with Arctic Bay Adventures. [citation needed], In the water (and under the ice), the main year-round species is the ringed seal. It’s home to the igloo-shaped St Jude’s Cathedral, museums and shops focused on Inuit art and history, and colorful Arctic houses. [citation needed], Walruses, which do not migrate far off land in the winter. Utting, D. J. Inuit culture is ancient and very much alive today. Though vegetation is extremely sparse, animal life consists of the powerful; barren-ground caribou, polar bear, arctic fox, arctic hare, lemming, and arctic wolf. Pell, J., Grütter H., Neilson S., Lockhart, G., Dempsey, S. and Grenon, H. 2013. [citation needed], Nesting birds are summer land visitors to Baffin Island. It is a remnant of the Laurentide ice sheet, which covered much of Canada during the last ice age. [43], Arctic foxes can usually be found where polar bears venture on the fast ice close to land in their search for seals. Located on the Cumberland Peninsula of Baffin Island, the name of this National Park means “The land that never melts.” This park was established in 1972 with the name of Baffin Island National Park and received its current name in 1976 due to its resemblance to its history. Spring thaw arrives much later than normal for a position straddling the Arctic Circle: around early June at Iqaluit in the south-east but around early- to mid-July on the north coast where glaciers run right down to sea level. The mountain is named after geologist Sarat Kumar Rai, the chief geology curator in the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago. Little vegetation can be found in Auyuittuq Park, although the plants that are found there range from flowers such as Mountain Avens, Campion, Papaver, and Saxifrage to shrubs like Dwarf Birch, Arctic Willow, and heather. Kinngait is situated on Dorset Island, which is located a few kilometres from the south eastern tip of the Foxe Peninsula. There are five main aspects that beckon intrepid travellers to its shores: the landscapes, the wildlife, the culture, the history, and the sheer adventure. Baffin Island has been inhabited for over 3,000 years, first by the pre-Dorset, followed by the Dorset, and then by the Thule people, ancestors of the Inuit, who have lived on the island for the last thousand years. [27][28] The Saga of Erik the Red, 1880 translation into English by J. Sephton from the original Icelandic 'Eiríks saga rauða': They sailed away from land; then to the Vestribygd and to Bjarneyjar (the Bear Islands). Rai or Roy, a native of India, studied in India, London, and earned his Ph.D. at the University of Chicago. They come up to breathe every 30 seconds or so as they make their way along the coastline eating crustaceans. This 15-month expedition began in June of 1927. Covering close to 6,000 km2, the ice cap has thinned 1.7 m (6 ft) between 1970 and 1984. [6]. Visit one of the most unique polar tourism destinations in the world with Arctic Bay Adventures. [Ottawa]: Geological Survey of Canada, 2007. Its area is 507,451 km2 (195,928 sq mi) and its population is about 11,000 (2007 estimate). [47], CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of November 2020 (. In Inuktitut—the language of the Inuit—Auyuittuq means "the land that never melts." Bjarni appears to be the first European to see Baffin Island, and the first European to see North America beyond Greenland. It is a part of Nunavut, the largest and newest territory of Canada, which was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999. However, the "discovery" of Baffin Island is credited to Martin Frobisher (1539-1594) who landed in Frobisher Bay in 1576 while searching for the Northwest Passage. It is named after British explorer William Baffin, though its "discovery" is credited to Martin Frobisher who landed in what was to become Frobisher Bay in 1576 while searching for the Northwest Passage. The Baffin Mountains are a mountain range running along the northeastern coast of Baffin Island and Bylot Island, Nunavut are part of the Arctic Cordillera.The ice-capped mountains are some of the highest peaks of eastern North America, reaching a height of 1,525–2,146 metres (5,003–7,041 ft) above sea level. "A geographer with extensive research experience in the Canadian North, Jack D. Ives has written a lively and informative account of several expeditions to Baffin Island during the "golden age" of federal research. [...] Our investigations indicate that Paleoeskimo (Dorset) communities on Baffin Island spun threads from the hair and also from the sinews of native terrestrial grazing animals, most likely musk ox and arctic hare, throughout the Middle Dorset period and for at least a millennium before there is any reasonable evidence of European activity in the islands of the North Atlantic or in the North American Arctic. An archeological dig on Baffin Island. It is separated from Greenland on the north and east by Baffin Bay and Davis Strait. Mount Thor, with an elevation of 1,675 m (5,495 ft), is said to have the greatest purely vertical drop (a sheer cliff face) of any mountain on Earth, at 1,250 m (4,100 ft). During the winter, it makes a number of breathing holes through ice up to 8 ft thick by visiting each one often, and keeping the hole open and free from ice. The Baffin Island Inuit have lived on the island for thousands of years and are descended from the earlier Thule culture. Baffin Island (Inuktitut: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk) is an island in Nunavut, Canada.It's the world's fifth largest island. It is the fifth largest island in the world and the easternmost member of the Arctic Archipelago [2]. 2006 Community Profiles. [41], Lemmings are also found throughout the island and are a major food source for Arctic foxes, Arctic wolves and the snowy owl. [42], Polar bears can be found all along the coast of Baffin Island but are most prevalent where the sea ice takes the form of pack ice, where their major food sources—ringed seals (jar seal) and bearded seals—live. Baffin Island has both year-round and summer visitor wildlife. This epic 20 day voyage aims to circumnavigate Baffin Bay and explore the first section of the Northwest Passage to Beechey Island. Named after English explorer William Baffin, it is likely that the island was known to Pre-Columbian Norse explorers from Greenland and Iceland and may be the location of Helluland, spoken of in the Icelandic sagas. Relics, including yarn and a carved face mask discovered near Kimmirut, point to European contact with the Inuit of Baffin Island as early as 1,000 years ago. Baffin Island (Inuktitut: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ, Qikiqtaaluk IPA: [qikiqtaːluk], French: Île de Baffin or Terre de Baffin), in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. The Arctic island is believed to have been visited by Norse explorers in the 11th century and sighted by the British explorer Martin (later Sir Martin) Frobisher during his search for a Northwest Passage (1576–78). A vast, wild, and sparsely populated area, it is the cornerstone of the sprawling Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Around the time of the building of Egypt’s great pyramids, 7,500 kilometres away, early settlers on Baffin Island were discovering and learning how to survive in an environment so harsh that no foreigner has succeeded in colonizing it since. Baffin stands alone, really. Baffin Island is part of the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut territory, along with Ellesmere and numerous small islands. Because of the exceptionally low vegetation supply, wildlife is very scarce. There are only 12 species of mammals that live in Auyuittuq, ranging from Lemmings (both the North American Brown Lemming and the Northern Collared Lemming), Arctic Hare, and Ermine to Polar Bear, Arctic Fox, and some Barren-ground Caribou. It was named for William Baffin, a 17th-century English navigator. They migrate in large pods consisting of a hundred or more seals to within 1–8 km (0.62–4.97 mi) of the shoreline, which they then follow, feeding on crustaceans and fish. History of Baffin Island Inuit. Here’s a look at the stark and humbling beauty. Between the 11th and 13th centuries the Thule spread over the island displacing the Dorset. Witness the culture of the Inuit whose ancestors established a trade route with Vikings. The Baffin Mountains are a mountain range running along the northeastern coast of Baffin Island and Bylot Island, and are part of the Arctic Cordillera. Nunavut (pronounced /ˈnuːnəvʊt/) is the largest and newest federal territory of Canada; it was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999 via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, though the actual boundaries had been established in 1993. Female polar bears may travel 10–20 km (6–12 mi) inland to find a large snow bank where they dig a den in which to spend the winter and later give birth. The Inuit people have inhabited Baffin Island and much of the Canadian Arctic for thousands of years. Facts about Baffin Island 4: the female polar bear. historical climate data web site is a gateway to information on matters such as past (hourly, daily, monthly and almanac) weather includes: temperature, snow, snow on ground, precipitation, rain, wind speed and direction, heating and cooling degree days, visibility, relative humidity, wind … And Baffin Island, Marcott points out, is right next door to Greenland—home to an ice sheet that holds enough ice to raise global sea levels by more than 20 feet if it were to melt fully. Their fur is pure white in winter and molts to a scruffy dark grey in summer. When they first arrive, the males arrive a few weeks ahead of the females and young. [citation needed], Most of Baffin Island lies north of the Arctic Circle—all communities from Pangnirtung northwards have polar night in winter and midnight sun in summer. Park located on Baffin Island lead, and plovers without true night 7,045 feet runs most. 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