As the movement against the Vietnam war spread, there was also a backlash against it. On October 21, 1967, a crowd estimated at 50,000 protesters marched from Washington, D.C. to the parking lots of the Pentagon. A powerful bomb, which was being built by members of the radical Weather Underground group, went off prematurely. Continued U.S. support for the Thieu … The first was film of children running away from their village having been burned by napalm and the second was the summary execution of a Vietcong suspect by a South Vietnamese police chief on the streets of Saigon in 1968. As Johnson was speaking in the White House, 350 demonstrators protesting the war were arrested outside the U.S. Capitol. The trouble followed a big rally in Trafalgar square, when an estimated 10,000 demonstrated against American action in … The Vietnam War lasted for over 10 years. When they publicly threw away their medals and medal ribbons, many in America were shocked that those who had worn the uniform of the US military had come to think that the only way ahead was to discard the very things that had been issued to them to represent their bravery – their medals. This was an underlying cause that had both social and political factors. The Vietnam War divided America along all age, race, and gender lines with it came to support for the war. He would write a book about the experience, Armies of the Night, which won a Pulitzer Prize in 1969. And as so few Americans were involved, it wasn't a terribly volatile issue. Protests against the war also accelerated. The changes in public attitudes that emerged during the antiwar movement still resonate in society to the present day. Protests against the war continued at various locations around the country. Ask them. By the time of the Democratic National Convention in the summer of 1968, the antiwar movement within the party had been largely thwarted. America rallied to the call of the commander-in-chief and after the Gulf of Tonkin incident it became very apparent that few would raise protests against the decision to militarily support South Vietnam. Our spirit is opposed to violence, opposed to hate, opposed to every motive that has produced this terrible war … we can overcome, … The end of the draft was announced in ’71, because the draft wasn’t needed and Vietnam combat was ending. Nixon's awkward efforts at early morning reconciliation seemed to have fallen flat. Also, civilian killings which … The flag at New York's City Hall was flown at half-staff to honor the Kent State students. In 1962, the More than 200 people have been arrested after thousands of demonstrators clashed in an anti-Vietnam war protest outside the United States embassy in London. 'Housewives,, professional people, they were all involved, it was a very wide spread' according to camerman John Miller who states that people all came … The Nixon administration claimed to have a plan to end the war, but there did not seem to be any end in sight. Some wanted to show solidarity with the people of Vietnam, such as Norman Morrison emulating the self-immolation of Thích Quảng Đức. On April 30, 1970, President Nixon announced that American troops had entered Cambodia. In February 1965, it had only been 3,000 a month but in October it was increased to 33,000 a month. Protests against the Vietnam War did not start when America declared her open involvement in the war in 1964. For King, the war was both a humanitarian issue and a civil rights issue. The Tinker case set a precedent that students did not give up their First Amendment rights when they entered school property. Many people were against it because there was no sense that the United States could win. As the war escalated and increasing numbers of Americans were wounded and killed in combat, the opposition grew. The resultant tensions impacted upon the nature of the demonstrations as different wings of the campaign fought for supremacy, with the left eventually emerging victorious at the … Feelings about the war continued to intensify. The 1971 May Day protests against the war in Vietnam. In many places, college campuses and political conventions in particular, the attitude was one of 'us vs. them,' bringing sometimes peaceful, sometimes violent results. As Americans watched on live television, Chicago turned into a battleground as police clubbed protesters. Protest by Teens in Middle America Reached the Supreme Court. He was punished by having his boxing title taken away from him. One of the first protest actions against the Vietnam War in Australia to get national headlines after Liberal Prime Minister Bob Menzies' April 1965 announcement that Australia was sending troops to Vietnam, was in Canberra and was organised by delegates to the Australian Student Labor Federation conference in May 1965. Armed troops had been called out to protect the building. All of this clashed with any concept that involved doing the ‘right thing’ for your nation. Americans began to sense that Vietnam was turning into a major problem when, in the spring of 1963, Buddhists began a series of protests against the American-backed and extremely corrupt government of premier Ngo Dinh Diem. The hippy movement preached love not war. In an expansion of his message concerning race and the war in Vietnam, King began to link the oppression of the poor to the global oppressiveness of capitalism as exhibited in the U.S. action in Southeast Asia. When the Vietnam War started only a small percentage of the American population opposed the war. Especially if the North Vietnamese and the VC did the killing. The war that had been sold to the US public as one where victory was guaranteed was in reality taking many young lives. In 1967, 100,000 took part in a protest rally in Washington DC. The newspaper described the protest as something of a genteel social event, noting "Beards and blue jeans mixed with Ivy tweeds and an occasional clerical collar in the crowd.". Riots … Robert J. McNamara is a history expert and former magazine journalist. The protests against the war started to pick up when body bags started to return to America in increasing numbers. Joan Baez, a popular folksinger, grew up as a Quaker and preached her pacifist beliefs in opposition to the war. In May 1968, 562 US troops were killed in one week alone. On October 15, 1969, a nationwide "moratorium" was held to protest the war. The flag was raised, then lowered once again later in the day. The mobilization of a massive number of protesters greatly influenced public opinion, which in turn influenced how the war was conducted. And in the wake of Kent State, the nation remained deeply divided. Labor politician Dr Jim Cairns addressing the first moratorium: Our spirit is the spirit of peace and understanding. To some, especially the young, America was not only sacrificing her male youth but the government was also sanctioning the death of children not only in South Vietnam but also in the North with the blanket bombing raids that were occurring on almost a daily basis. Using lessons from the Civil Rights Movement, groups of students began to hold "teach-ins" on college campuses to educate their colleagues about the war. In the process of finding that the government’s interest in preserving the draft outweighed O’Brien’s right of symbolic protest, the Court created a test that it still uses in cases dealing with symbolic speech. In May 1968, 562 US troops were killed in one week alone. As American involvement in Vietnam grew in the early 1960s, a small number of concerned and dedicated citizens started to protest what they viewed as a misguided adventure. In the middle of the … Vietnamese monk protesting with self-immolation. It is said that two images in particular did a great deal to turn US opinion with regards to was in Vietnam. Ask them. It is said that two images in particular did a great deal to turn US opinion with regards to was in Vietnam. In 1971, 300,000 took part in an anti-war demonstration in the same city. Many young men and women claimed that they wanted to ‘drop out’ of society. As the protests against the war became widespread, notable figures from the world of politics, literature, and entertainment became prominent in the movement. In 1975, when North Vietnamese forces entered Saigon and the South Vietnamese government collapsed, the last Americans fled Vietnam in helicopters. Others claimed the killings had been justified. In March 1966, 50,000 anti-war protesters took part in a rally in one of America’s most famous cities – New York. When the North Vietnamese invaded Cambodia, they said not a word. The casualty rate among Black soldiers was higher than among white soldiers. Following the election of Richard M. Nixon that fall, the war continued, as did the protest movement. 1968 seems to be the key year for protests. America rallied to the call of the commander-in-chief and after the Gulf of Tonkin incident it became very apparent that few would raise protests against the decision to militarily support South Vietnam. This portion of the age cohort did so because they feared the draft would result in their military service in Vietnam. By the time of the 1969 moratorium day protests, nearly 40,000 Americans had died in Vietnam.