The Burma Independence Act 1947 (1947, 11 Geo. He criticized U Saw, who had been interned during the War, in similar terms. One such unit was the Indian National Army (INA) that fought for Japan in the Burma Theater 1942-45. Burmese nationalists allied themselves with Japan during World War II, and Burma gained its independence from Britain in 1948. The Act's most important provisions were:-, Prime Minister Clement Attlee introduced the Bill in Parliament for its second reading. Governor-General Dorman-Smith created the Executive Council on June 20, 1945. Shan National Sao Shwe Taik became the new country’s first President and U Nu its first Prime Minister. VI, Ch. 3) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that conferred independence on Burma, today called Myanmar. U Nu was elected Burma's Prime Minister through 1962. [3], The Prime Minister also provided Parliament with an overview of the historic relationship between the United Kingdom and Burma. The Bill which would become the Act was approved on 5 November 1947 by a vote of 288 in favour with 114 against. VI, Ch. The one major factor or enabler of the reach and spread of the British Empire was India. Notably, it declined to join the British Commonwealth. HC Deb 5 November 1947 vol 443 cc1836-9611836, Burma independence documents from the Burma Library, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Burma_Independence_Act_1947&oldid=971608452, Independence acts in the Parliament of the United Kingdom, Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom concerning India, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [4], He reported too that in May, 1945, a statement of United Kingdom government policy concerning Burma was issued. Thousands of soldiers from Britain’s “Jewel in the Crown” colony fought for the Japanese against British forces. (Wikimedia Commons) An Act to provide for the independence of Burma as a country not within His On Jan. 4, 1948, Burma ended 60 years of colonial rule when it officially declared independence from Britain. He concluded his remarks by remarking that he believed the future of Burma "should be bright". Recognition of Burmese Independence, 1948. He dryly criticised the Government for putting the future of Burma in the hands of such "outstanding authorities". Because India gained Independence. The Burma Independence Act 1947 (1947, 11 Geo. Burma’s Independence Day. Burma fought for independence from Great Britain in the late 1940s under the Anti-Fascist People's Freedom League led by Aung San, U Nu, and Ne Win. Various shots of Mr Nu, Burmese Prime Minister, arriving in Tel Aviv and visiting Jerusalem, Israeli Premier Moshe Sharett. Since independence The unsettled early years, 1948–62. Ba Maw was an outspoken advocate for Burmese self-rule, and he opposed the participation of Great Britain, and by extension Burma, in World War II. The British governor, Hubert Elvin Rance (left) and Burma’s first president, Sao Shwe Thaik, stand at attention as the new nation’s flag is raised on January 4, 1948. Aung San, (born Feb. 13, 1915, Natmauk, Burma [now Myanmar]—died July 19, 1947, Rangoon [now Yangon]), Burmese nationalist leader and assassinated hero who was instrumental in securing Burma’s independence from Great Britain. Further, the Japanese repressed the Rohingya for their pro-British stance. Effective British rule over the whole of Burma has lasted just over 60 years. It envisaged the drawing up of a constitution by representatives of the Burmese people with a view to full self-government. He explained that in the future, the relationship between Burma and the United Kingdom would be based on a Treaty and on friendship. On January 4, 1948, Burma gained independence from Britain and a multi party system was established. The Union of Burma came into being on 4 January 1948 as an independent republic outside the Commonwealth. He expressed his government's regret that Burma had chosen not to become a British Dominion and instead would leave the Commonwealth. Tragically, a political rival assassinated Aung San resulting finally in a military government in Burma … Japan declared independence for Myanmar from the British, but the Burmese continued to struggle for freedom from foreign domination, this time by the Japanese. that Burma would become an independent country on 4 January 1948. that the suzerainty of the British King over the part of Burma at the time known as the. A foreign policy of neutrality was decided upon, but, because of internal strife, no peace resulted. Britain's connections to Burma go a long way back, especially in the little villages and towns of the Irrawaddy delta now wrecked by Cyclone Nargis. It was the first post-colonial army in Burmese history. that, generally, British subjects whose status as British subjects was due to a connection to Burma, would cease to be regarded as British subjects on 4 January 1948. U.S. With its economy shattered and its towns and villages destroyed during the war, Burma needed peace. He pointed out that the aim outlined in the United Kingdom government White Paper of May, 1945 was for Burma to attain Dominion status, subject to its prior attainment of certain political milestones. Gen. Visit Of The Prime Minister Of Burma To Israel. The Burma Independence Army (BIA) was a collaborationist and revolutionary army that fought for the end of British rule in Burma by assisting the Japanese in their conquest of the country in 1942 during World War II. Nonetheless, Burma was separated from the rest of India in 1937 with little opposition from Indian nationalist leaders agitating for independence from Britain, as … Majesty's dominions and not entitled to His Majesty's protection, and for consequential and connected matters. In 1940, before Japan formally entered the war, Aung San formed the Burma Independence Army in Japan. The Union of Burma came into being on 4 January 1948 as an independent republic outside the Commonwealth. The formation of a Burmese government under Aung San followed with elections to a Constituent Assembly in which the party of Aung San won a majority. 1947 - Bogyoke Aung San, Burma's ethnic leaders and the British sign the Panglong Agreement to form the Union of Burma. How did Burma gain independence? Massacre Under Japanese Occupation It achieved full independence as the Union of Burma on January 4, 1948, and in 1989 officially changed its name to the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (Pyidaunzu Thanmăda… [2] He explained that the United Kingdom government had a duty to see to it that "minorities for whom we had a special responsibility were given due position under the new Constitution” and reported that he was satisfied that that was the case. Burma was separated from India and directly administered by the British Crown from 1937 until its independence in 1948. Burma was a part of India from 1826 until it became a self-governing unit of the British Commonwealth, complete with a constitution, on April 1, 1937. VI, Ch. All Rights Reserved, Alpha Delta Theta Chapter of Pi Sigma Alpha, UCA Model United Nations (MUN) Organization. 3) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that conferred independence on Burma, today called Myanmar. He deplored the "extraordinary haste". Burma - which had been making increasing demands for independence since their occupation by Japan in World War II - became an independent republic … Churchill also said there were "grave doubts that the assent of the frontier tribes has been honestly and genuinely given" to the new constitutional arrangements.[6]. 1957 The Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP), an ethnic rebel organization, was founded by Saw Maw Reh. Ba Maw was an outspoken advocate for Burmese self-rule and he opposed the participation of Great Britain, and by extension Burma, in World War II. The independent Union of Burma came into being on 4 January 1948. The throne, which represents Myanmar’s sovereignty, is also on display at the National Museum. He argued that British Dominion status was an indispensable stage in any policy which ought to have been pursued. Winter 2020 Intersession: Final Date to.. UCA dedicates itself to academic vitality, integrity, and diversity. Allied troops and Japanese troops clashed on July 19-August 4, 1945, resulting in the deaths of some 9,500 Japanese soldiers and 95 Allied soldiers. He deplored that the legislation would "cut Burma out of the Empire altogether, and ... make her a foreign Power". Burma was renamed Myanmar in 1989 by its military government. Myanmar - Myanmar - The initial impact of colonialism: The chain of events following the Third Anglo-Burmese War dealt a bitter blow to Myanmar. However, the British were pragmatic about the popular support this 32-year-old man enjoyed and Aung San eventually managed to negotiate Burma’s independence from Britain in January 1947. He believed there would have been no difficulty in carrying out that programme in an orderly and careful manner. The United States recognized the Union of Burma as an “independent sovereign state” on January 4, 1948, when President Harry S. Truman sent a congratulatory message to President Sao Shwe Thaike, Saopha of Yawnghae.Burma had previously been a part of the British Empire and in January 1947, Burmese political leaders reached agreement … The Japanese left in 1945, and, in 1948, Burma gained its independence from the British. The BIA—originally formed in Japan—was re-organized into the Burma Defense Army (BDA), of which Aung San was the head. The Act received the royal assent on 10 December 1947. The Burmese celebrate their Independence Day on January 4, 1948. Traditional activities and festivals are held throughout the country to celebrate the season. The Burma Independence Act 1947 (1947, 11 Geo. He regretted that the legislation would amount to "sweeping away our position" in Burma. Traditional Burmese society was drastically altered by the demise of the monarchy and the separation of religion and state. This page was last edited on 7 August 2020, at 05:07. Russians mark 10th anniversary of independence of Burma in Moscow. He reported that the earliest connections with Burma derive from the activities of the East India Company, that Burma at that time was a kingdom, and that the whole country was annexed by the United Kingdom in 1886. A series of meetings between UK and the Burmese leaders followed too. Burma’s Struggle for Autonomy In June 1945, Burmese soldiers fought with the British to expel Japanese invaders from Burma during World War II. The Act received the royal assent on 10 December 1947. Because of Aung San's ability to reason with the British, they left without a revolution like ours against the British in 1776. In the 19th century, following three Anglo-Burmese Wars, Burma was colonized by Britain.On 1 April 1937, Burma became a separately administered colony of Great Britain and Ba Maw the first Prime Minister and Premier of Burma. [9] 1945. 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