8.6 million ha of Indonesia’s grassland. var d=new Date(); yr=d.getFullYear();document.write(yr); Young infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations. This is because some plantations still can burn or make paved road in forested areas. 6 min read, 11 Commonly confused elements of a research paper Wildfire in cogongrass can kill mature and seedling trees and native plants, furthering its … What are the goals of a statement of the problem? The ability of the weed to grow faster is a threat for native plant species. The basics of writing a statement of the problem for your research proposal In our current project, we propose to examine factors that have an impact on small business sustainability. b. An experiment was conducted to determine the nutritive value and nutrient digestibility in situ of cogon grass as affected by harvesting intervals in fresh and silage forms. (Provide relevant statistics and quote). It can invade and overtake disturbed ecosystems by displacing a large variety of native plant species. The second reason is to restore habitat for native species. //--> This post is a modified version of the article Is it problem statement or statement of the problem? English Editing -  Editage.com | 英文校正 – Editage.jp | 원어민영문교정 – Editage.co.kr | SCI英文论文发表 – Editage.cn | publicação de artigos – Editage.com.br | 編輯英文 – Editage.com.tw | Terms of Use for English Editing Services. There are some plantations that already got concession for their activity do not planting all of the land because of financial problems or they just aim to cut the logs and left the site after that. 2008). It can be divided into two general categories: (1) Basic research, which is inquiry aimed at increasing scientific knowledge, and (2) Applied research, which is effort aimed at using basic research for solving problems or developing new processes, products, or techniques. This then necessitates some research to reach a viable solution. The species can live in wide range of habitat, from natural forest to disturbed forest, urban land, wetland, planted land, riparian. Cogongrass control varies according to the age and rhizome mat density and depth. The deforestation rate in Indonesia is the highest in the world, even “exceeded” Brazil. Full disclosure: Editage Insights is a product of Editage, a global provider of world-class scientific communication solutions. Management of cogongrass invasions in perennial grass pastures requires diligence and patience at the same time. In conclusion, deforestation in Indonesia is one of “wicked” problem along with corruption. While it is not illegal to possess this plant in Texas, it should not be introduced into new water bodies and should be treated with herbicide when present. Photo by Charles T. Bryson, courtesy of Bugwood.org. This study revealed that 57% of small businesses are in stagnation with only 33% of them showing some level of growth. Deforestation in Indonesia provides suitable conditions for invasion of cogon grass, a fast growing weed species. It is very invasive plant that should not be propagated. Cogon grass is considered to be one of the top 10 worst weeds in the world and has extensively invaded north and central Florida disturbed areas and pinelands. The lack of monitoring plantations activities in the field and a corruption is the biggest problem in Indonesia’s forestry. It should be significant enough to contribute to the existing body of research, The problem should render itself to investigation through collection of data, It should be of interest to the researcher and suit his/her skills, time, and resources, The approach towards solving the problem should be ethical. For example, slash and burn practice that commonly do by plantations resulted haze problems routinely every year in some part of the country. However, after the start-up stage, the ventures start developing problems. Although those trees species are exotic, they can provide litter to the soil as fertilizer and shade for another seed to regrow. Because it has rhizomes (lateral, adventitious root). Cogon grass was found to be rich in tannin, and so, the researchers thought of using cogon grass as an alternative chelating agent. Cogon grass (or alang-alang, in Indonesian). The conversion of primary forest to grassland makes the land more prone to fire. It means grassland reflects back more solar radiation to the atmosphere that will increase atmosphere temperature. Cogon is a tall grass variety, one that serves both as animal fodder and keeper of secrets. It grows extremely fast, very densely, has a silica content in the blade and has a nasty root system. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) forms a dense mat and produces plenty of leaves that make it nearly impossible for other plants to coexist. However, the use of chemicals such as herbicides to suppress weed should consider the season. ]]> The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. Research is a systematic investigative process employed to increase or revise current knowledge by discovering new facts. An alternative way to suppress the weed’s growth is by using other fast-growing exotic plants. Thesis About Cogon Grass, pictures in master thesis, project monitoring and evaluation case study, how to replace a first person on a argumentative essay. Required fields are marked *, Thanks for the interesting links between land clearing and cogon grass Siti. Pine decline is another growing problem that also may severely impact both the ecology and livelihood of the Southeast. Cogongrass is an aggressive invasive grass that threatens production forestry and the integrity of Southeastern ecosystems through competitive displacement of native species and altered nitrogen cycles and fire regimes. See more And since cogon grass is a major problem of land owners, the researchers thought that if the cogon grass will be proven to be an effective chelating agent, it will finally be useful. Deforestation in Indonesia provides suitable, for invasion of cogon grass, a fast growing weed species. Although many problems turn out to have several solutions (the means to close the gap or correct the deviation), difficulties arise where such means are either not obvious or are not immediately available. Biological Control of Cogongrass: Progress and Perspectives James P. Cuda1, William A. Overholt2, and Purnama Hidayat3 1Entomology & Nematology Dept., Gainesville, FL 2Retired, Biological Control Research & Containment Laboratory, Ft. Pierce, FL 3Bogor Agricultural University, West Java, Indonesia IFAS-FTGA Great CEU Roundup, McCarty GOO1, 25 July 2018 Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) is an invasive, non-native grass that occurs in the Southeast region of the United States. It can invade and overtake disturbed ecosystems by displacing a large variety of native plant species. The fundamental problems in managing forest in Indonesia is the overlapping of forest boundary. Cogongrass displaces native plant species and can permanently alter an ecosystem, including wildlife and fire regimes. Cogongrass invading forested area. Non-financial constraints hindering growth of SME’S in Kenya: the case of plastic manufacturing companies in industrial area in Nairobi County (Doctoral dissertation). The deforestation rate in Indonesia is the highest in the world, even “exceeded” Brazil. [CDATA[// > In other words, there will be no permits issued to new land clearing in forested area. In addition, the weed also has an allopathic effect other seedling. Perform additional tillage with a disk harrow or other appropriate implement every 6 to 8 … Government Printer. Editage Insights is funded by Editage and endorses services provided by Editage but is editorially independent. From a management perspective, cogongrass is undesirable on rights-of-way due to its unsightly nature and propensity for fire. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica), family Poaceae, is an invasive, rhizomatous, aggressive perennial grass. The third reason is grassland has a higher albedo than forested area. The first reason is to reduce fire event in deforested area. One of the main focuses of the ministry is consistency. Register for comprehensive research tips and expert advice on English writing, journal publishing, good publication practices, trends in publishing, and a lot more. If you are currently in this stage of your publishing journey, subscribe & learn about best practices to sail through this stage and set yourself up for successful publication. Annual tree cover loss in Brazil and Indonesia from 2001 to 2014. Some of these funds include the youth fund and women fund. 16 min read, What reviewers look for in a grant proposal Why don't we give you complete access! A different perspective of the plantations and the governments about the boundary of concession area and forested land is caused by different maps about their authority. A statement of the problem is used in research work as a claim that outlines the problem addressed by a study. in Brazil and Indonesia from 2001 to 2014. in Indonesian from 2000-2010 distinguished by island. across the world, except Antarctica and thus classified as weed. A statement of the problem is used in research work as a claim that outlines the problem addressed by a study. We like that! Your email address will not be published. A persuasive statement of problem is usually written in three parts: Part A (The ideal): Describes a desired goal or ideal situation; explains how things should be. Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. Cogon grass fields are often burned after being cut. On other hand, from environmentalist perspective, the moratorium is not effective to tackle deforestation in Indonesia. Is it problem statement or statement of the problem? Writing a statement of the problem should help you clearly identify the purpose of the research project you will propose. 2002— This species has now. Hire Writer. Cogon grass is a light intolerant species and provide shading to the weed can reduce their invasive characteristics. The invasion of Cogon Grass (Imperata cylindrica) in deforestation areas within Indonesia. Cogon grass is a light intolerant species and provide shading to the weed can reduce their invasive characteristics. [CDATA[// >