Tocharian definition is - a language of central Asia known from documents from the sixth to eighth centuries a.d.. (See also Thursday’s lecture.) Min Dong, päk- – to cook, ripen (IE *pekw-/ *pokw- ‘to cook’) Burmese – The words 'wal, walo', meaning 'strong', can be extended to mean a prince or king, and this is Celtic form. Bantu – Cornish – A dictionary of Tocharian B first appeared in and has been a standard work ever since. It attempts to include all known Tocharian B words. Tocharian definition: a member of an Asian people with a complex material culture , sometimes thought to be of... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples wáp – to weave Tocharian definition is - a language of central Asia known from documents from the sixth to eighth centuries a.d.. açc- – a beginning, a start (Sanskrit ásad- – to get down, ádis – a start, Slavic *jézda – a riding) Tocharian, another Indo-European language group, which was once predominant in oases on the northern edge of the Tarim Basin of Xinjiang, is now extinct. parwe – at first (?) This is a Swadesh list of words in Tocharian B, compared with that of English. toby jug, TOC, Tocantins, toccata, Toch, Tocharian, tocher, toches, tockley, tocky, toco-. Section: Words. pin’kam. salu, sol – whole (IE *salw- – whole, healthy) ratre, rtär, ratrem. The pre-Tocharian adjective is derived from the simple u -stem while the pre-Latin adjective is derived from the corresponding abstract/collective * … Some of those non-Gandhari words look like Tocharian (e.g., kilme ‘region’ beside TchB kälymiye ‘direction’) and it has seemed a reasonable hypothesis that the native language of Kroraina/Loulan was another Tocharian language, “Tocharian C.” (That the native language of Loulan was Tocharian was first suggested by Thomas Burrow in his The Language of the Kharoṣṭhī Documents … Dalmatian – The lecturers were encouraged to shape their courses based on the individual properties of the language at issue and their own linguistic and pedagogical views. kuryar, karyor – a purchase (IE *kwreya- – to buy) weskemane – speaking (participle) Fongbe – The family tree of the Indo-European languages sprawls across Eurasia, including such different species as English and Tocharian B, an extinct language once spoken on the territory of Xinjiang in modern China. Guinea-Bissau Creole – Northern Kurdish – tän’k-, tan’k- – to interfere (IE *tnog- – heavy, hard) Russian – Aromanian – Tocharian as an archaic dialect. sas, se, s.eme – one (IE *sem- – one, the only, alone) por., puwar – fire (IE *paur- – inanimate fire) 3.1. Cape Verdean – lyukemo – illuminated (participle) (IE *leuk- – light) Historical background and external history 1.1.1. mäs’s’unt – brains (IE *mazgh- – brains) s’äm, s’ana – a wife (IE *gwen- – a wife, a woman) Tocharian is an interesting language, and it seems to have some relations to English in we Here is why I am saying this: It is a centum language and the languages in that area are usually satem. prak, pärk – to ask (IE *prok’- – to ask) ysäs. tetriwu – he pounds (IE *ter- – to rub) The words 'wal, walo', meaning 'strong', can be extended to mean a prince or king, and this is Celtic form. pältsäkk – a thought Synonyms for Tocharian in Free Thesaurus. (Mandarin, [Tocharian] loaned many significant words (e.g., "honey", "lion") to … There are many compounds and binomials in both Tocharian languages, but most binomials combine two words with a similar meaning to form an expression with the same meaning. tsatsápau – warmed (participle) (IE *tep- – warm) Introduction 1.1. All Free. Hebrew – Italian  Vietnamese – Romance – ñú – nine (IE *newno – nine) Synonyms for Tocharian in Free Thesaurus. Muskogean – suwam. Ukrainian – Starts with t, ends with n, five consonants, four vowels and four syllables. Sicilian) – Some of the words, such as son and we, are cognates while the Latin word is not. pärwán,  pärwáne – an eyebrow (IE *bhrú- – an eyebrow) tek – to touch Formosan – Moroccan, plák – to be agree [1] Here's a perfect example of why Tocharian is so odd: 'wäl, walo', meaning a prince (IE *wal-, meaning 'strong, powerful'); 'wäl', meaning 'to die'. kwyall – why? Arabic – Proto-Indo-European – Assamese – tsik – to generate [1] Here's a perfect example of why Tocharian is so odd: 'wäl, walo', meaning a prince (IE *wal-, meaning 'strong, powerful'); 'wäl', meaning 'to die'. pres’ciye – ooze (Ancient Greek) – (Old, 3.1. or Tokharian languages Two extinct Indo European languages, Tocharian A and Tocharian B, formerly spoken in the Tarim River Basin in China. Antillean Creole – – to shiver, a shiver (IE *trem- – to shake) eçane – an eye overview morphological type, major morphological devices, word … Both are adjectives of appurtenance with *-to-. Purepecha – Zealandic) – akmal – a face (see ak + malañ) The second edition of A Dictionary of Tocharian B includes substantially all Tocharian B words found in regularly published texts, as well as all those of the London and Paris collections published digitally (digital publication of the Paris collection is still incomplete), and a substantial number of the Berlin collection published digitally. Scottish Gaelic – Fijian – pe, pai – a foot (IE *ped- – a foot) The relation of Tocharian to the other Indo-European languages is not an incidental fact only of interest to hi… Burushaski – Quechua – Hittite – Pama-Nyungan – Tupian – Niger–Congo – kaklyus.u – on hearing (verbal adverb) (see klyos-) Tocharian B – The latter point concerns us in this section. Proto-Bantu – Low Saxon – malyw, mely – to press (IE *mel- – to grind) Swahili – (3rd sg. Ojibwe – – it is raining (IE *seu-, *su- – to rain, to flow) Siberian Tatar – (Vulgar Latin) - Documents date back to AD 500–700. Jeju) – The two languages, Tocharian A and Tocharian B, that made up this group have both been long extinct. Category:Tocharian B numerals: Tocharian B terms that quantify nouns. The only cases inherited from the proto-language are nominative, genitive, accusative, and (in Tocharian B only) vocative; in Tocharian the old accusative is known as the oblique case. The second edition of A Dictionary of Tocharian B includes substantially all Tocharian B words found in regularly published texts, as well as all those of the London and Paris collections published digitally (digital publication of the Paris collection is still incomplete), and a substantial number of the Berlin collection published digitally. © Language Varieties of or pertaining to the Tocharians or their language. Romani  The Tocharian word is PIE *h a ekuto- (with the common transfer to the yo-stems) while Latin reflects *h a ekuh a to-. áre – a plough (IE *ár- – to plough) Tibeto-Burman, italic – Tocharian B words á, í, ú – long [a], [i] and [u] sounds ç – a sound like in Sanskrit açva or in English cashier ä – a sound similar to German Käse (cheese) or English band swase, swese – rain (see above) Tocharian - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. tsirauñe – power, strength It combines very successfully and practically a diachronic. Temiar – su (masc. ), yayásau (participle) – to boil (IE *yes- – to boil) ), tu (neut.) Tungusic – s.äk, skas – six (IE *sweks – six) Penutian – (Old Marathi) – Words nearby Tocharian. noun Any member of a people who inhabited the Tarim Basin and spoke Tocharian. Galician – The Turfan and Tarim Basins were populated by speakers of Tocharian languages, with "Europoid" mummies found in the region. wäl – to die kaltr – he stops Sino-Tibetan:  kuśiññe “Kuchean.”. Some sources therefore refer to Tocharian A as East Tocharian or Turfanian, since Turfan is at the easternmost extent of the Tocharian sites. Both are adjectives of appurtenance with *- to -. Tocharian archaisms are not comparable to Anatolian, and it certainly split from a parent language that showed common features with Late PIE dialects: common laryngeal evolution (see § II.2. ytár (f) – a path, a way (see i-) - red (IE *reudh-- red, rust) ri, riye - a city rit - to search s.äk, skas - six (IE *sweks - six) säksäk, s.kaska - sixty (IE *swek'sk'omt-'sixty') s'äk, s'ek, s'ak - ten (IE *dekmot - ten) sále, sályiye - salt (IE *sal-- grey, dirty; salt) ), te (neut.) All Free. ñu – new (IE *newo- – new) ásta – bones (IE *kost-, *ost- – a bone) Kuci and classical Chin. In this context, Tocharian B is referred to as West Tocharian (though it is found in the east, too) or Kuchean. pres. kam, keme – a ripple, a tooth (IE *gonbh- – a ledge) Paleosiberian – Basque – tmäs’ – then tkam, kem – ground (IE *dhghom- – ground) Using vocabulary lists, he sought to understand not only change over time but also the relationships of extant languages. papaks.u – something boiled (*pek-, *pekw- – to bake) pácar, pacer – a father (IE *pa’te’r – a father) Based on 3rd-century Loulan Gāndhārī Prakrit documents containing Tocharian loanwords such as kilme 'district', ṣoṣthaṃga 'tax collector', and ṣilpoga 'document', T. Burrow suggested in the 1930s the existence of a third Tocharian language, which has been labelled Tocharian C or "Kroränian", "Krorainic", or "Lolanisch". Indonesian – Some of those non-Gandhari words look like Tocharian (e.g., kilme ‘region’ beside TchB kälymiye ‘direction’) and it has seemed a reasonable hypothesis that the native language of Kroraina/Loulan was another Tocharian language, “Tocharian C.” (That the native language of Loulan was Tocharian was first suggested by Thomas Burrow in his The Language of the Kharoṣṭhī Documents … The following tables presents a comparative analysis of common words from various Indo European languages that suggest to their relationship and their possible common origin. Icelandic – Khmer – (IE *pro-wo- – forward, first) parno, perne – shining (participle) träm-, tärm-, treme (pl.) kerciye – a palace (IE *gher- – to stockade; a settlement) misa – meat, flesh (IE *méms- – meat) – ten thousand There is even some archaeological evidence to support it in that an Uyghur word was found in written scripts associated with the Tocharian mummies. ku – a dog (IE *kwon- – a dog) There is even some archaeological evidence to support it in that an Uyghur word was found in written scripts associated with the Tocharian mummies. Bengali – Documents from ad 500–700 attest to two: Tocharian A, from the Frisian – Nynorsk) – laks, läks – a fish (IE *lak’@s- – fish, a salmon) ámpi – both (IE *ambh- + *bhó – both) oki – like (conjunction) waiwalau – dizziness (IE *wel- – to turn, to twist) For this reason, some scholars even believe that the language they speak may have once been Tocharian. ánte – a plain má – not (Greek má, mé – not, Sanskrit má – don’t) Elamite – Greek – we two (see wes) Tocharian has extensive palatalization affecting dentals and velars, but the rules don’t seem to be entirely reliable. Telugu – wäl, walo – a prince (IE *wal- – strong, powerful) Tocharian 3.1.1. yuk, yakwe – a horse (IE *ekwo- – a horse). Some of the words, such as son and we, are cognates while the Latin word is not. rit – to search soma-, somo- – the same, similar (IE *smoo- – the same, some) Ossetian – Baltic – ánt, ánte – a forehead (IE *ant- – fore, forehead) Discovery and documentation ... sure which language(s) the famed mummies spoke. pañä, piç, pis’ – five (IE *penkwe – five) Starts with t, ends with n, five consonants, four vowels and four syllables. Tocharian as an archaic dialect. Kashubian – mit – honey (IE *medhu- – honey) wes – we (IE *wei- – we, me and you) Turkic – sälk- – to pull out (IE *selk- – to drag, a furrow) Dravidian – rake, reki - speech, a word (IE *rek-- to speak) ratre, rtär, ratrem. lw – a beast s.älyp, s.alype – fat, oil (IE *selp- – fat) Albanian – krons’e – a bee (IE *k’ers- – an insect) tsär – rough, shaggy (IE *khar- – sharp) Serbo-Croatian – Zazaki – tunk – love Mongolian – Cebuano – asam.khe – a variety [email protected] – a hand (IE *g’hesro- – a hand) Maltese – íkam – twenty (IE *wíkmot – twenty) Cypriot, – he writes (IE *peik’- – to draw signs) kakmu – on coming (verbal adverb) käs – to go out, to extinguish (IE *gwes- – to extinguish) The accent used to read the text could also be Bengali (with additions necessary for Tocharian, like ly – a sound Russian happens to have – and ä), but its intonation is so consistent that I think we're listening to a computer. In addition to these primary cases, however, each Tocharian language has six cases formed by the addition of an invariant suffix to the oblique case — although the set of six cases is not the same in each language, and the suffixes are larg… Thai – To be able to compare languages from different cultures, he based his lists on meanings he presumed would be available in as many cultures as possible. Sumerian – Tocharian is documented in manuscript fragments, mostly from the 8th century (with a few earlier ones) that were written on palm leaves, wooden tablets and Chinese paper, preserved by the extremely dry climate of the Tarim Basin.Samples of the language have been discovered at sites in Kucha and Karasahr, including many mural inscriptions.. Tocharian A and B are not intercomprehensible. (Caló) - Kra–Dai – Section: Words. Spanish – Siouan and Pawnee – Early New) – Slovak – särk, sark – an illness Japanese – Friulian – árki , árkwi- – white (IE *arg’- – white, shining; silver) Bashkir – Walloon – ñom, nem – a name (IE *nem- – to call, to assign) Tocharian Language Facts: Tocharian is one of the most obscure branches of the Indo-European language group. Turkish – A reformulated list was published posthumously in 1971. kast – famine Guaraní – pás, pásk – to graze (IE *pá-, *paH- – to secure, to graze) ysar, ysár – blood (IE *esór- – blood) Faroese – pák, páke – a section (IE *bhag- – to share with smb) – red (IE *reudh- – red, rust) sále, sályi – salt (IE *sal- – grey, dirty; salt) Also, Tokharian. The Tocharian languages are important objects of study for two principal reasons: first, they offer a window into the spread of Buddhism beyond the more well-studied confines of India and Southeast Asia; and second, they bring a new perspective to our understanding of the language of the Indo-Europeans and the migrations of subgroups of this population. overview morphological type, major morphological devices, word … Czech – kus – who? Germanic – Central Asia - Wikipedia The Turfan and Tarim Basins were populated by speakers of Tocharian languages, with "Europoid" mummies found in the region. Kuki-Chin – West Coast Bajau – Amharic – ákás’acc – to the sky Italian – kay-urs, ka-urs.e – a bull (IE *wers- – a bull) kuśiñ pele rekisa “in speech in Kuča manner” (Pinault, 1989, p. 21) and the adj. ), we (fem.) Latin Proto-Japanese – (Old Portuguese) – Category:Tocharian B multiword terms: Tocharian B lemmas that are an idiomatic combination of multiple words. känt, kant, kante – a hundred (IE *kmotom – a hundred) Malagasy – mañ, meñe – a month (IE *men-es- – moon, a month) rake, reki – speech, a word (IE *rek- – to speak) Starting in 1950 with 165 meanings, his list grew to 215 in 1952, which was so expansive that many languages lacked native vocabulary for some terms. Romanian – pant, pin.kce – fifth (see above) s.ar, s.er – a sister (IE *swesór- – a sister) porat, peret – an axe (IE *pelk’- – to chop) – could be borrowed from Iranian plewe – a ship, a boat (IE *pleu- – to sail) Sundanese – om-post-am. s’cirye – starry The Most Nerve-Racking Heist Movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Best new Werewolf movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Best new Time Travel movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Best new Post-Apocalyptic movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), 34 most suspenseful psychological thriller films in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Best new Feel-Good movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Top 28 romantic movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema list), Best new Chick-Flicks in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Top 13 best Russian movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Best new Japanese Movies in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & Cinema List), Best new LGBT/Gay TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Supernatural, Paranormal & Ghost TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Legal TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new War TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Medieval TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Political TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Time Travel TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Space & Alien TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Dystopian TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List), Best new Black TV Shows in 2020 & 2019 (Netflix, Prime, Hulu & TV List). s’äk, s’ek, s’ak – ten (IE *dekmot – ten) Central Asia - Wikipedia The Turfan and Tarim Basins were populated by speakers of Tocharian languages, with "Europoid" mummies found in the region. Swedish – This was old China. Hausa – Antonyms for Tocharian. wälts, yaltse – a thousand Hungarian – The Tocharian languages are important objects of study for two principal reasons: first, they offer a window into the spread of Buddhism beyond the more well-studied confines of India and Southeast Asia; and second, they bring a new perspective to our understanding of the language of the Indo-Europeans and the migrations of subgroups of this population. Irish – Oto-Manguean – Megleno-Romanian – Kho-Bwa,  Tocharian archaisms are not comparable to Anatolian, and it certainly split from a parent language that showed common features with Late PIE dialects: common laryngeal evolution (see § II.2. For this reason, some scholars even believe that the language they speak may have once been Tocharian. pält, pilta – a leaf (IE *bhel- ‘leaf’) yokani – thirsting (participle) Tocharian languages, small group of extinct Indo-European languages that were spoken in the Tarim River Basin (in the centre of the modern Uighur Autonomous Region of Sinkiang, China) during the latter half of the 1st millennium ad. kuras’, krost – cold (IE *krus- – an edge of ice?) Chechen – ant-api – both (see ámpi) trit, trite – thrice (see above) Lingala – Tocharian literature, written in a northern Indian syllabary derived… mänt – how Both languages were once spoken in eastern Asia, to the northwest of China. Translation for: 'Tocharian' in English->English dictionary. English to Chinese, Chinese dictionary page. proper noun An extinct branch of the Indo-European language family, consisting of two languages, Tocharian A and Tocharian B, written in an abugida derived from Brahmi. Danish – (Bokmål, Norwegian:  orkäm – gloom, darkness (Greek orphnos – dark, dark brown) Papiamento – Polish – ko, keu – a cow (IE *gwou- – a bull) klots, klautso – an ear (IE *kleu- – to hear) Sanskrit – çtwar, çtwer – four (IE *kwetwores – four) This section covers a selection of the topics listed below. (Middle, toby jug, TOC, Tocantins, toccata, Toch, Tocharian, tocher, toches, tockley, tocky, toco-. lap – a skull (Greek lophos – a nape, a hill, Slavic lob – a forehead) Ringe cites as further evidence of unconditioned /*d/ > /ts/ two words that had originally *dʰ, but are posited to have first become *d via Grassmann’s law, and thence /ts/. ckácar, tkácer – a daughter (IE *dhutér- – a daughter) knán – to know (IE *gnó- – to know, from *gen- – kinship, a knee) Old Chinese) – Search nearly 14 million words and phrases in more than 470 language pairs. (Limburgish, Tocharian. Belarusian – Documents date back to AD 500–700. This is a Swadesh list of words in Tocharian B, compared with that of … Breton – Tocharian, another Indo-European language group, which was once predominant in oases on the northern edge of the Tarim Basin of Xinjiang, is now extinct. Punjabi – Slavic – Austronesian – ánt – through, across pärvat,  pärwes.s.e – the oldest, a wizard (see parwe) s.pät, sukt – seven (IE *septom – seven) ktsai – to grow old Author: Georges-Jean Pinault Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag ISBN: 9783447058148 Size: 29.32 MB Format: PDF, Docs Category : Foreign Language Study Languages : en Pages : 204 View: 5308 Get Book. Finnic – nut, naut – to die (IE *náw- – a corpse, to die) Ronald I. Kim Adam Mickiewicz University ronald.kim @ yahoo.com 1 our tocharian language words Turfan and Tarim Basins populated... Chinese movies on Netflix as well as the Best Chinese tv series Netflix &.... In written scripts associated with the Tocharian sites without written precursors and Basins. 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